Newton's studies

White light

Take apart and put together again

Solar spectrum

The misfortune of the circular hole

Melvill's paper of 1752: see p.243

Wollasten

Kirchhoff and Bunsen

History of astronomical spectroscopy

Sample spectra

Spectra of various neutral atoms

Balmer's plot revisited

Rydberg's seminar

"Janne Rydberg, his life and work," N.I.M. 235, 17 (2005)

Ritz

Electron orbit distance

The Rydberg constant

Atomic constants

Quantum defect, phase shift, and

Unshifted H wave functions

EBK formulation

Coulombic at large

Expansion

Grotrian diagram relative to hydrogen

Determination of the 5p-3/2 level

Propagation of uncertainties

Quantum defect as fctn of

continued

Rydberg orbital loci

Penetration and polarization

Isoelectronic landscape

Charge dependence

Quantum defect on both sides?

Iteration example

Iteration example 2

Quantum defect problem

Solution

Wave function overlap

Hydrogenic values

P IV example

Penetration corrections

Relationship to core electrons

Compare polarizabilities

Si III analysis

Non-penetrating orbits

Application to He I

Near and far parametrizations

Irregular doublet law

Applied to Na sequence

Regular doublet law

Apply to fine structure in optical spectra

X-ray notation

X-ray levels

X-ray screening parameter plots

(continued)

Summary of X-ray screening parameters

Nested binomial expressions

Collecting terms and shifting sums

Formulation

Coefficients

Gravitational analogue

Semiclassical Lamb shift

Schematic plot

Screening of Lamb shift

Difference from Cu-like

Adding s-electrons to 3p

Difference from Na-like

Clocks: stopped and running slow

Hydrogenic units

Line strength factors

Problem: screening parametrization

Plot

X-ray screening parameter plots

Grotrian diagram

losning

Alkali-Metallike sequences

H-like intrashell line strengths values

Alkaline-Earthlike sequences

Intrashell transitions

Li-like Uranium dip

Comparison with Li

Li-like Corrected

Na-like Corrected

Chapt. 1

Chapt. 2

Chapt. 4

Chapt. 5

Chapt. 6

Chapt. 7

Chapt. 8

Chapt. 9

Chapt. 10

Chapt. 11

Chapt. 12

Chapt. 13

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